Thursday, May 21, 2020

Financial Accounting Information And Management Accounting

The aim of this assignment is to â€Å"Identify the ‘other users’ [of business accounts] and assess the extent to which financial accounting information is of use to managers, and management accounting information is of use to ‘other users’.† The appropriate definitions and roles of financial and management accounting will be given and the ‘other users’ of accounts will be identified. Thereafter, the uses of both financial accounting information and management accounting information will be discussed and analysed to evaluate the extent to which each is of use to the needs of managers and ‘other users’ respectively. â€Å"Financial accounting is a system that accumulates, processes and reports information about [a business] entity s performance†¦show more content†¦There is no specific format for management accounting systems as they are geared towards internal users of the information and are not compared to different organisations. Management accounting systems focus on both the present and the future performance of a business entity. The role of management accounting â€Å"involves partnering in management decision-making, devising planning and performance management systems †¦ to assist [the needs of managers] in the formulation and implementation of an organisation’s strategy.† (IMA, 2014) Stakeholders are any individuals, groups or organisations with a degree of vested interest in a business. The ‘other users’ (excluding managers) of financial accounts are stakeholders both external and internal to the business entity. These stakeholders include lenders, investors, government agencies and many more. Lenders would be interested in information such cash flow statements to determine whether their loans and interest due will be paid on time. Investors would analyse the performance and value of a business entity to decide whether to hold, buy or sell the business entity’s shares. Government agencies such as HM Revenue Customs would need to access financial accounts to calculate the taxable income of a business entity. There are many external users ofShow MoreRelatedManagement Accounting : Financial And Non Financial Information1120 Words   |  5 PagesINTRODUCTION:- Management Accounting refers to the preparation of financial and non-financial information for the use of management of the company. It is also termed as managerial accounting. The information provided by it is helpful in making policies and strategies, budgeting,, forecasting future plans, making comparisons and evaluating performance of the management. The reports produced by management accounting are used by the internal management (managers and employees) of the organization andRead MoreRole Of Managerial And Managerial Accounting1029 Words   |  5 PagesThe role of managerial accounting has played a significant role in the success of businesses dating as far back as the 19th century. Service and production operations during the days of the industrial revolution were not nearly as sophisticated then as they are today. The current initial purpose of managerial accounting is comparable to its purpose throughout history. Managerial accounting has historically been useful in ass isting managers with the information they need to make important decisionsRead MoreManagerial Accounting And The Certified Management1408 Words   |  6 PagesManagerial accounting is used by an organization to ensure informed decisions are made regarding current and future operations. Businessmen and women must have the ability to comprehend financial information provided to properly determine the correct course of action. In the global market of today, an organization’s inability to accurately determine the best course of action can lead to financial ruin for the company. Uninformed decisions by leadership can derail a business’ prospects for successRead MoreManagerial Accounting1152 Words   |  5 PagesManagerial Accounting 12/3/15 Managerial Accounting Accounting is a crucial part in running a business. There are various forms of accounting that can be used, it is very important to know which technique is best to use for what companies. Once you figure out a particular technique to use, it is important to keep an open mind if there are any changes that need to take place in the business. By keeping an open mind helps the business adjust and be able to make the right decisions. Every businessRead MoreAcc 11410 Words   |  6 Pagesperformed in an organization, among which accounting is one of them. Define the accounting function and discuss how it differs from double-entry bookkeeping. Accountants analyze and interpret financial information, prepare financial statements, conduct audits, design accounting systems, prepare special business and financial studies, prepare forecasts and budgets, and provide tax services. Double-entry bookkeeping records the economic activities of a business. Accounting includes bookkeeping but duties areRead MoreEssay about Role of Managerial Accounting1112 Words   |  5 PagesAccountants have been a necessary tool in all organizations such as individual companies, partnerships, schools and governments. Indeed, they have great professional technique in a rule of accountancy that government are able to measure and report financial information as organizations. This can also provide a lot of positive impacts in the running of a business. Research shows there are three main ways accountants can keep business costs down which involve internal and external actions. For internal controlRead MoreAccounting Analysis On Financial Accounting11 85 Words   |  5 PagesAccounting has many branches that it can be divided into. It can be divided into several areas of activities. Accountings main branches are financial accounting, Management accounting, Cost accounting, Auditing, Tax accounting, Accounting systems, Fiduciary accounting and Forensic accounting. Financial accounting: This branch of accounting measure’s and records the transactions of a business. Financial accounting focuses on the preparation of the five basic financial statements namely statementsRead MoreFinancial and Managerial Accounting628 Words   |  3 PagesBoth financial and managerial accounting analyze economic data, however the major differences between the two strands include; user groups, information type, regulatory control and reporting frequency (Atrill and McLaney, 2012) User Groups: Financial accounting mostly provides information for external stakeholders such as shareholders, lending institutions, prospective investors and creditors, whereas managerial accounting mostly make available information for internal users such as managers andRead MoreManagerial Accounting vs Financial Accounting Essay761 Words   |  4 PagesManagerial and Financial Accounting ACCT/300: Principles of Accounting April 9, 2008 Managerial and Financial Accounting This paper will attempt to differentiate between managerial and financial accounting, the users of managerial and financial accounting and what type of business decisions would be made with the information. Managerial Accounting Managerial accounting provides accounting information to managers who are inside an organization and who directs and controls its operationsRead MoreThe Focus Of This Assignment Is To Understand Accounting1070 Words   |  5 Pagesis to understand accounting terms, importance of accounting and reporting and how accounting and reporting take place in the business entity. It is also aimed to find out the flow of accounting information from the beginning to the end. And to understand accounting standards and principles. Accounting can be defined as a systematic process of identifying, recording, measuring, classifying, verifying, summarizing, interpreting and communicating financial information. Accounting reveals profit or

Sunday, May 17, 2020

John Calvin Research Paper - 1427 Words

John Calvin Research Paper John Calvin was born in July 10, 1509, Noyon, Picardy, France. He died in May 27, 1564, Geneva, Switz. His education career was a mixture of both theologian and statesman because he study law at the University of Paris. Beside that he also get exposed to Renaissance humanism that influenced by Erasmus and Jacques. Even though Calvin study law but he only do it for his father will, of wanting him to become a lawyer. However, throughout the course of his life, he is primarily focus on Renaissance humanism, influence by Erasmus and Jacques. This is a study that aimed to reform church and society base on classical and Christian antiquity which establish to return the Bible studied to its original language. Under†¦show more content†¦Calvin struggle over control of Geneva come to an end in May 1555 when he finally get everything to settling down. It is reasonable to say that Calvin make a huge contribution in Geneva because he is not only help to reform Geneva. He also plan for it future by training students in humanist learning in preparation for the ministry and position of secular leadership. Beside that, he also carry out any pastoral duties such as preaching, doing many weddings and baptism, and providing spiritual advice to the people (Calvin). Calvin spend the majority of his lifespan in Geneva and make a tremendous impact in Geneva. Without the contribution of Calvin, Geneva would not be able to reform and recover. Calvin is not only play a spiritual role in Geneva, he also exerted his influence in variety of areas of Geneva life such sewage system, the treatment of refuges, medical care, the concerns for the poor, family pattern, entertainment activities, education, and more. He address a variety of social, educational, economic, and religious issues in Geneva. Nobody can talk about Geneva without knowing Calvin contribution to that country because he is so significant to the people of Geneva that the children in that cou ntry was being educated about his importance (Mouw).Show MoreRelatedDifferences Between Calvinism And Arminianism1298 Words   |  6 PagesThe purpose of this paper is to compare two theological positions, namely Calvinism and Arminianism. These are two positions on either side of the extreme concerning free will and predestination. There are those who believe that we have the free will to love and obey God or deny God, and there are those who believe that God, in his sovereignty, has predetermined who will be saved or who will not be saved and neither group is willing to budge. Both sides claim to have the support of Scripture, andRead MoreTimeline List : Karl s Day Massacre1467 Words   |  6 PagesTimeline List: Karl - France John Calvin Louis XV Louis XIV Louis XIII Henry IV Henry III Henry VIII Charles IX Edict of Nantes St. Bartholomew s Day Massacre Research: John Calvin: Was a Theologian, and Journalist Born July 10, 1509 and died May 27, 1564 Born in Noyon, Picardy, France and died in Geneva, Switzerland studied at University of Paris, University of Orlà ©ans, University of Bourges He lived in Geneva until anti-protestant authoritiesRead MoreComparing Calvinism And Arminius Viewpoints And Touch On The View Points1663 Words   |  7 Pageselection. The question is whether people are predestined to be called to heaven and can not reject the Holy Spirit’s calling such as a John Calvin. Or do we have the free will to accept or deny the Holy Spirit’s calling into our lives such as James Arminius believed. Or is it something else just as Karl Barth or Augustine believed in. But for the purpose of this paper we will look at Calvinism and Arminius viewpoints and touch on the view points of other theologians throughout history to come up withRead MoreIntegrated Marketing Communications: Hanes Case Study958 Words   |  4 Pagesundergarment market. It is not a high-end retailer that sells clothing primarily upon its image, such as Calvin Klein but there are also cheaper no-brand alternatives competing for consumer attention in drug stores and discount st ores. An integrated image for Hanes is demanded which conveys what is uniquely beneficial about the product. The image cannot be too high end which would suggest it is copying Calvin Klein, but an IMC strategy must distinguish Hanes as a company that provides quality as well asRead MoreTerm Paper1494 Words   |  6 Pagespresident of Lane Theological Seminary. There, she also joined the Semi-Colon Club which was an informal organization of talented writers in Cincinnati, Ohio during the time. It was in that group that she met the man who would become her future husband—Calvin Ellis Stowe who was a widower and professor at the seminary. The two married on January 6, 1836. He was an keen critic of slavery and the two supported the Underground Railroad; they also, temporarily housed several fugitive slaves in their home.Read MoreThe Next Reformation in William Beckhams Book, The Second Reformation894 Words   |  4 Pagesexpressed in cell churches. Another Pastor, Dr. Rick Warren also concurs that we are in need of a new reformation and that this new reformation will be centered in cell groups. â€Å"You know, 500 years ago, the first Reformation with Luther and then Calvin, was about beliefs. I think a new reformation is going to be about behavior. The first Reformation was about creeds; I think this one will be about deeds. I think the first one was about what the church believes; I think this one will be about whatRead MoreThe, Death And Blind Sheep3005 Words   |  13 Pagesshould be noted that I want to believe in total depravity, however, I am not convinced in its complete application as defined by the majority of Calvinist supporters. That is to say, based on what I believe about Calvinism, prior to doing this research, says that were such filthy rags and that Gods election had to be possible in order for me to be awaken, chosen and then accepted. I am not convinced that God holds a spiritual lottery and I m just lucking enough to be chosen. Furthermore, we knowRead MoreThe Technological Advances Of The Great Gatsby3475 Words   |  14 Pagesshould also be noted that I want to believe in total depravity, but, I am not convinced in its complete application as defined by the majority of Calvinist supporters. That is to say, based on what I believe about Calvinism, prior to doing this research, says that were such filthy rags and that God s election had to be possible in order for me to be awakened, chosen and then accepted. However, I am not convinced that God holds a spiritual lottery and I m just lucky enough to be chosen. FurthermoreRead MoreMartin Luther And His Influence On The Luther s Burned A Hole Through Europe 1998 Words   |  8 Pageson Luther, however, that’s quite boring. I was more admired by his motivation and conviction. After researching, I was right about his passion, but more so his profound effect created a movement that essentially â€Å"burned a hole through Europe†. This paper will give a brief introduction into Luther and then show the impact Luther had socially, religiously, and globally. In addition, an attempt to share a few things I have learned in class and read in the textbook, including some online, scholarly sourcesRead MoreTesting the Importance of Nitrogen in Plants and the Effects of Organic Matter1954 Words   |  8 PagesResearch on nutrient deficiencies in crops have been conducted for many years. Curiosity has driven these studies to be reconducted and reconstructed to emphasize different results. Most people in the agriculture industry know that plants need Nitrogen to be high yield producing products. What if you were to strip a plant of that nutrient? More importantly, what would be the end result of the plant? There has been research done in which crops are being planted in nutrient rich soil but missing that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Mystery That s Never Been Solved - 935 Words

A Mystery that’s Never Been Solved Knowledge and existence are in interconnected relationship. One of most common questions asked by philosophers is â€Å"Do I exist?† To answer this question, â€Å"existence† can be examine linguistically, scientifically, and philosophically. Additionally, the consequent of existence can be the lead to its mystery. So, dose a person who lives in New Jersey exist to a person who lives in Tokyo? First, the neurological explanation of existence is correlated to the learning process. According to some neurologists, the mind is unable to create or imagine any visual or audible sensory without seeing, hearing, toughing, or tasting. Which are all related to the human’s senses. Whether these imagery are obtain by the conscious or the non-conscious mind, they are forms of knowledge.Thus, existence can be correlated to the human’s sense. Meaning, a person must activate one of his or her senses in order to create a neurological pathways, which are then modulated in the form of meaning.Therefor, existence is analytic way of knowledge. However, these forms of information are passive due to its relation to senses. For instance, if two people,fin and Jack, are walking in the opposite direction of each other and Jack is looking at fin. Then, for jack fin exist. On the other hand jack doesn’t exist for fin. A similar philosophic way was used by Descartes. He used the scientific method of analyzing his abilities and knowledge in relation to the existence of god. ForShow MoreRelatedThe Mysterious Death Of Mary Rogers And The Market Revolution1330 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Market Revolution â€Å"The Mysterious Death of Mary Rogers,† written by Amy Gilman Srebnick is about the unsolved mystery of Mary Rogers. Mary Rogers worked at a broadway tobacco shop. She was called â€Å"cigar girl.† In the 1840’s it was very shameful for a young lady like Mary Roger to work at a cigar shop because but in a way she made the shop well known. She also managed her mother s boarding house at 126 Nassau Street. Mary was the youngest child. She was young, unmarried, and beautiful. Mary alsoRead MoreEssay Jack the Ripper1209 Words   |  5 PagesAP English IV Book Report â€Å"Jack the Ripper† Jack the Ripper was a notorious serial killer, whom some believe never even existed at all. From August to November 1888, Jack the Ripper terrorized the East End of London by being responsible for the death and mutilation of at least seven female prostitutes. The destitute East End is also known as the White Chapel district of London, England. A few of the prostitutes were targeted as they were leaving brothels in and around the White ChapelRead MoreThe Mystery of Oak Island700 Words   |  3 Pages The Mystery of Oak Island The World’s Longest Unsolved Mystery The Mystery of Oak Island Close your eyes and imagine the excitement and adventure of finding a mystery that involves many deaths, unknown treasures and much speculation. Mysteries are intriguing and finding a real life mystery that has been unsolved in history for several hundred years is unusual. Throughout time millions of people have been interested in treasures, legends and unsolved mysteries. Books, movies and legendsRead MoreInvestigation of Jack the Ripper Essays1436 Words   |  6 Pagesserial killer, he kept his true identity a secret from the world. Many people today see Jack the Ripper as a mystery which will never be solved. People have tried for many years to find out the mystery of Jack the Ripper but can not and will not succeed. The fact that no one knows the identity of him keeps the mystery of the unknown killer alive. It will stay a mystery forever, all we know is that he was the killer of five women and the alleged murderer of eleven women. ThereRead MoreAmerican Myths and Mysteries Essay2813 Words   |  12 Pagesdecades that America has been in existence there have been many interesting mysteries that have not been solved and myths passed down from generation to generation. No one knows what caused these myths to come about or why these mysteries were never solved, but they are a very interesting part of American history. From mysteries involving serial killers to myths about mysterious creatures, there is a wide range of the unknown that many people, except for witnesses, have never heard about. Now let’sRead MoreMysteries And Theories Behind The Bermuda Triangle1334 Words   |  6 PagesMysteries and theories behind the Bermuda Triangle While researching different websites and resources about the Bermuda Triangle, I came across many different theories and explanations about the Bermuda Triangle. The Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil s Triangle, is a section in the Atlantic Ocean between Miami, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico where ships and planes have disappeared with no trace of them. The Bermuda Triangle covers around 500,000 square miles of ocean, known to be a very popularRead MoreGravity Falls By Alex Hirsh1150 Words   |  5 Pagesepisode, and the cacophony of crazy ciphers that are solved each episode. The main characters are the twins Dipper and Mabel. The series is based about their adventures during their summer trip to stay with their Great Uncle, or as he is called in the show Grunkle, Stan. However, the focus of this analysis is one just one episode called The Last Mabelcorn. The journey will take us through a rather valuable lesson to show kids. Sometimes a person s gut is not always right as people tend to jump to conclusionsRead MoreEssay about Amelia Earhart Biography1395 Words   |  6 PagesAmelia Earhart Many fantastic aviators have shown their talents throughout the centuries. Americans have been fascinated, time after time, with the ability to fly. One woman in particular took her fascinations and abilities and became one of the greatest aviators of her time. Amelia Earhart was a very famous, record-setting woman aviator. Amelia, while on her around the world flight in 1937, disappeared and left many people, even today, trying to figure out what happened to her. Amelia EarhartRead MoreThe Article On Aliens Among Us1284 Words   |  6 PagesExtraterrestrial life has been a big topic for Americans since day one. According to author Lee Speigel there is an estimation of 48 percent of Americans throughout the nation that believe in life on other planets while only 35 percent reject the idea. Life on other planets exists. According to the article â€Å"Aliens among Us† by Paul, David extraterrestrial evidence has already been discovered such as different types of bacteria and even water. The article â€Å"Aliens among Us† is a credible source becauseRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Much Ado About Nothing1317 Words   |  6 Pagesbrought on by a deceit. A lot of mystery surrounds the marriage in 1582 of England’s greatest writer and Miss Hathaway, but scholars are sure on a few of the facts. Firstly, William was 18 years old and Anne was 26. At the time, an age difference of this type was very unusual.  It is seeming that A nne Hathaway became pregnant prior to marriage which would have no doubt caused a scandal for both of the families. William Shakespeare s father John would not have been pleased at the damaging effect that

Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay - 1488 Words

George Orwell’s Animal Farm is a story of pure propaganda. Propaganda is a recurring theme and technique seen and used by characters in the book, as well as the author. Animal Farm is an allegory that focuses on the communist revolution in Russia. Being an allegory, events in the book accurately depict actual events in history that actually relate to propaganda. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Propaganda is a central element to the plot of Animal Farm. Propaganda is used by various methods in the book. These methods vary depending on who uses them. Characters in the book use them because of who they are. Orwell also uses propaganda, simply by writing this book. This book clearly shows his views on communism and events that took place in†¦show more content†¦It is not surprising that Comrade Napoleon made this saying so popular. This saying, is the â€Å"plain folks† technique to propaganda. Using that saying, Comrade Napoleon is relating to the rest of the animals. As far as they can tell, Napoleon has four legs, so he must be a friend, which is also written in their Commandments. This is all to gain popularity among the animals, which is a device popularly used among politics in real life. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Another example is the use of â€Å"transfer† in the novel. It is no coincidence that all the animals listen to the pigs. This is because they are smarter than the rest of the animals. Because the pigs hold prestige over the other animals, the other animals are almost forced to follow them. Also, whenever something bad happens in the book, Squealer is sent to deliver a speech to the animals. Why is it that he ends every speech about a bad incident with â€Å"Surely, comrades, you do not want Jones back?† That line is propaganda at its ugliest. Finishing a speech with a line like that will leave people speechless, which is exactly why it is said. No animal on the farm would dare question that. No matter what bad event happens on the farm, whether its Napoleons fault or not, if Squealer says that line, nobody will question in it. That can be seen as using the â€Å"name calling† technique.Show MoreRelatedAnimal Farm And George Orwell By Geo rge Orwell1034 Words   |  5 Pages Eric Arthur Blair, under the pseudonym of George Orwell, composed many novels in his lifetime that were considered both politically rebellious and socially incorrect. Working on the dream since childhood, Orwell would finally gain notoriety as an author with his 1945 novel Animal Farm, which drew on personal experiences and deeply rooted fear to satirically critique Russian communism during its expansion. Noticing the impact he made, he next took to writing the novel 1984, which similarly criticizedRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell1397 Words   |  6 PagesAn important quote by the influential author of Animal Farm, George Orwell, is, â€Å"Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism.† George Orwell, a Democratic Socialist, wrote the book Animal Farm as an attack on the Communist country of Russia (â€Å"The Political Ideas of George Orwell,† He had a very strong disliking of Communism and the Socialist party of Russia. However, he insisted on finding the truthRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell1545 Words   |  7 Pagesallow because an this elite institution of people often use this gear to dominate and oppress society. In George Orwell’s story, Animal Farm, Orwell demonstrates that education is a powerful weapon and is a device that can be used to at least one’s benefit. Living in a world where strength is a straightforward to benefit, the pigs quick use education to govern the relaxation of the animals on the farm to serve themselves worked to their advantage. This story in shows the underlying message that   firstRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell944 Words   |  4 Pageslegs(Orwell 132). He carried a whip in his trotter(Orwell 133). In the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell, animals have the ability to talk and form their own ethos, Animalism. Animal Farm is an intriguing allegory by George Orwell, who is also th e author of 1984, includes many enjoyable elements. More knowledge of the author, his use of allegorical elements, themes, symbols, and the significance in the real world, allows the reader to get more out of this glance into the future. George OrwellRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell876 Words   |  4 Pagesrebellious animals think no man means freedom and happiness, but they need to think again. The animals of Manor Farm rebel against the farm owner, Mr. Jones, and name it Animal Farm. The animals create Animalism, with seven commandments. As everything seems going well, two of the animals get into a rivalry, and things start changing. Food starts disappearing and commandments are changed, and the power begins to shift. Father of dystopian genre, George Orwell writes an interesting allegory, Animal FarmRead MoreAnimal Farm by George Orwell1100 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction: Widely acknowledged as a powerful allegory, the 1945 novella Animal Farm, conceived from the satirical mind of acclaimed author George Orwell, is a harrowing fable of a fictional dystopia that critiques the socialist philosophy of Stalin in terms of his leadership of the Soviet Union. Tired of their servitude to man, a group of farm animals revolt and establish their own society, only to be betrayed into worse servitude by their leaders, the pigs, whose initial virtuous intentionsRead MoreAnimal Farm By George Orwell1538 Words   |  7 PagesMecca Animal Farm The Russian Revolution in 1917 shows how a desperate society can be turned into a military superpower filled with terror and chaos. George Orwell uses his book, Animal Farm, to parallel this period of time in history. This book is an allegory of fascism and communism and the negative outcomes. The animals begin with great unity, working toward a common goal. The government then becomes corrupted by the temptations of power. George Orwell uses the characters in Animal Farm to showRead MoreAnimal Farm by George Orwell1175 Words   |  5 PagesAn enthusiastic participant in the Spanish civil war in 1936, George Orwell had a great understanding of the political world and made his strong opinions known through his enlightening literary works, many of which are still read in our modern era. Inspired by the 1917 Russian Revolution and the failed society it resulted in, Animal Farm by George Orwell is an encapsulating tale that epitomises how a free utopian society so idealistic can never be accomplished. The novella exemplifies how influencesRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell1089 Words   |  5 PagesIn George Orwell’s â€Å"Animal Farm†, the pigs as the farm leaders, use unknown language, invoke scare tactics and create specific laws, thereby enabling them to control other animals, to suit their greedy desires, and to perform actions outside their realm of power. Because of the pigs’ use of broad language, and the implementation of these tactics they are able to get away with avoiding laws, and are able to convince other animals into believing untrue stories that are beneficial to the pigs. The firstRead MoreAnimal Farm, By George Orwell1212 Words   |  5 PagesShe stood there over the dead animals thinking to herself what have we come to? We try to become free but we just enslave ourselves to a so called superior kind. Napoleon killed the animals in front of the whole farm and said that this was to be the punishment for the traitors. Snowball was known as a traitor now and anyone conspiring with him would be killed. Snowball and Napoleon both represent historical characters during the Russian revolution in 1917.Snowball who was one of the smartest pigs

Donating Blood Free Essays

Imagine that your father had just suffered a heart attack, and has to go through open-heart surgery in order to repair the damage that happened to his heart. Imagine your little nephew or niece was born with a rare heart defect and had to have a daily transfusion of blood in order to have a chance to wake up the next day. Imagine that your best friend went to the doctor and had just been diagnosed with leukemia, a disease requiring regular platelet transfusions. We will write a custom essay sample on Donating Blood or any similar topic only for you Order Now These aren’t very nice things to imagine about, are they? It is very sad and unfortunate, but these things happen all the time, you or someone you know may have experienced something like that already. People experience something like this every day. Most people would probably just expect that the hospital would have enough types of blood to give to the people who need it so that they can get better. But that is not the case. In these sad cases most people would feel or want to do anything that they can to help. There is one way everyone can help and that is by donating blood. Red blood cells, platelets, and plasma are some of the things people can donate and they are also very important to a person who needs them. These can help the person return to good health. Some of the types of people who would need a blood transfusion are patients that have gone through surgery, burn victims, accident victims, anemics, hemophiliacs, babies that are very sick, and people suffering from leukemia, cancer, kidney disease, and liver disease. Some really interesting facts about the blood donations and the need for blood is that about every three seconds there is someone in the world who needs blood. That’s more than forty thousand people who need blood every day. The demand for blood is constantly rising and sometimes a certain type of blood can be in short supply which can put lots of peoples lives in danger. Even if you just donate once, that will be enough to save several people. I myself have gone to a blood donation clinic, but unfortunately I couldn’t donate any blood because my temperature was too high, but I won’t let that discourage me from re-scheduling another appointment at the American Red Cross blood. The set up that they had there was not what I had expected it to be. There have been a few blood drives at my school but I never donated blood. American red cross came about two times each school year around the middle of every semester. Everything was set up inside the gym with around a couple dozen of beds, where they make you lie down while they take your blood, spread around the basketball court. Sometimes they even brought the little camping trailers where you can go inside of it and they’ll take your blood. The day before I had made my appointment online at 4:00 PM to donate platelets. When I walked in the American Red Cross clinic I thought it was going to be much bigger like the ones that were at my school gym but instead there were only about a dozen beds in a little area to the left of the entrance. I Started walking towards the area where everyone was donating at, but then I was stopped. A short Latino man with black hair around his forties came up to me and asked â€Å"Can I help you? †. Since it was my first time going somewhere to donate blood, I didn’t know what to do. I thought that since I made an appointment at four that I would just be able to walk in, confirm that I was the one that had made the appointment, lie down on the bed, and they will take my blood, but I was gravely mistaken. As I was just standing there not knowing what to do I said to the man â€Å"Ummm yeah. I made an appointment online to donate platelets. † He asked me if I had a donors card and i replied no. Then after explaining to him that i have never given blood before so this was all new to me, he gave me a look like he finally understood why I was so clueless. Now that we were finally on the same page, the man asked for my drivers license so that I could prove I am who I say I am. When i gave him my drivers license he went somewhere to another room. While he went to go do his thing, I was instructed to sit down and read a binder that looked at least 6 inches thick. I grabbed the binder from the table and just sat there looking at the front cover thinking to myself â€Å"They expect me to read everything thats in this huge binder? †. But when I opened it up, I was relieved to see only a few pages. As I finished reading about donating blood and the requirements, the man came back with my drivers license attached to a folder with a paper clip. I was asked if I was ready and I said yes. I was taken to this really small square room that almost made me feel closterfobic and then I was told to sit down. I took a seat and then he also sat down in a small desk in the corner of the room next to me. I was asked a few questions like my social security number, where I lived, do I have any diseases, my age, a whole bunch of questions. It felt like I was being interrogated. As he finally got done asking me all those questions, he told me that he needed to poke a little needle in my finger and get a small blood sample. As I was sitting there with my finger sticking out I saw him grab what looked like a small clicking pen. Then he started to put the end on the top of my finger. Suddenly he just clicked the pen, and I felt a little poke and my finger started bleeding. He wiped my finger with a small cotton ball and then grabbed a little square piece of glass and put in on my finger to get a small blood sample. After he told me I had enough iron in my blood to donate, now he had to take my temperature. I had to put a thermometer under my tongue for a few seconds until he grabbed it. One of the requirements for donating blood is you cannot donate if your temperature is over 99. 5 F. When my temperature was taken I was only 2 percent away from meeting the requirements, which means my temperature was 99. 7 F. I was told I couldn’t donate which made me a little disappointed. I told him I would reschedule again some other time. In my one day that I went to the American red cross building I learned a lot of new things and how I can help save peoples lives. I will definitely be making another appointment soon and ill keep making an appointment as much as I can. How to cite Donating Blood, Papers

Genetic Engineering Essay Research Paper Throughout history free essay sample

Familial Engineering Essay, Research Paper Throughout history, adult male has been bettering his race through engineering. Several of these progresss have been questionable, but none are near to a certain engineering today. A engineering that splicings, alters, and manipulates cistrons from one person to bring forth coveted features in the same single # 8230 ; the engineering of familial technology. This technological tool is doubtless altering society? s relationship with nature, medical specialty, and possibly it? s ain cultural values. The 21st century society is non prepared or even willing at times to accept the moral and ethical contentions familial technology is making. The viing goods in familial technology, i.e. making a stronger, more advanced human race vs. a natural selective procedure created by God, are virtually impossible to avoid and hold placed a impermanent clasp on the advancement of this new engineering and society? s moral position. From a spiritual point of view, familial technology is triping an ethical exigency within society, and doing this new scientific discipline to be cast in a dim visible radiation. We will write a custom essay sample on Genetic Engineering Essay Research Paper Throughout history or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page These persons of society believe that familial technology is non natural and defies the order of things. There are many spiritual groups that feel familial technology should non be considered for any ground whatsoever. Rev. Robert A. Martin provinces: ? It appears that from the beginning, God reserved for Himself the right to make populating psyches? . Others claim that many of the ethical issues being raised about familial technology are based in divinity, the concern for continuing human self-respect and single freedom. This somehow parallels to the issue of abortion and whether or non it is morally right. Religion is the root of many single personal values and beliefs about societal affairs such as familial technology and abortion. Many besides believe that familial technology will do unobserved catastrophes because once we decide to get down the procedure of human familial technology, there will be no logical topographic point to halt and there will be no turning back. If diabet es, reaping hook cell anaemia, and malignant neoplastic disease are to be cured by changing human cistrons, why non continue to other? upsets? such as nearsightedness, colour sightlessness, and left-handedness? It is possible that scientists will travel excessively far and genetically change features that will pervert society. From the scientific base point, familial technology can assist us make a stronger, more advanced human race by increasing nutrient production, revolutionise new medical specialties, even heighten human intelligence, physical beauty and strength. Diseases could go diminished and cleaned out of worlds? familial make-up. For illustration, if one parent had a bad cistron or some type of familial disease, it could be removed from the embryo and replaced with another? clean? cistron. This procedure would surely be good for twosomes who are sterile and want to hold kids. However, the maps of all the cistrons are non known, merely these of a really little per centum of the entire cistrons in beings such as worlds. Thingss such as harvests and other workss are one of the things that have been experimented on and even released into the environment. This is particularly unsafe because scientists are non to the full certain of what could travel incorrect. A genetically altered harvest or works c arbon monoxide uld go dominant and take over all of the its like species and go a job such as going major plagues. There have been many instances where non-indigenous workss introduced into a different environment served no usage and became major plague jobs. Besides, this scientific information could acquire into the custodies of the economically or politically powerful and used for sick intents. For illustration, with the usage of familial technology, persons could be created for the exclusive intent of contending war or for making a perfect society. Already, there is the possibility of making new animate beings to be used as medicine mills. If we pick and choose the features of our kids, we will go a society of made-to-order worlds who have lost everlastingly the great gift of familial diverseness. A society of eugenics would be created. Eugenicists believe the human race can be improved by intentionally encouraging people with? superior? traits to reproduce, while detering people with? inferior ? traits from bearing kids. Another recent contention is cloning. With some Deoxyribonucleic acid of an being, scientists are able to do and demand transcript of that being. A sheep and a monkey have already been successfully cloned, and with the current engineering, worlds could besides be cloned. This raises the most ethical and moral issues because many inquiries would be raised about the ringer. What will be the intent of doing exact human transcripts? We might even acquire to a point where worlds are cloned for specific responsibilities or even cloned for organic structure parts needed by organ receivers. What rights would that ringer have? Familial technology can help to the development of worlds by cleansing our organic structures of such ailment and in some instances lifelessly burdens. This isolation and removing of a coveted cistron is a procedure that would hold taken Mother Nature 1000000s of 4 old ages of natural choice to develop. I agree that God created the universe with a mathematical construction and He had created the human head with the capacity for hold oning that construction. I besides understand the position held by many that familial technology is unnatural and non ethically right, nevertheless, so would be taking medicine when sick. For those who disagree with familial technology, I am certainly if their kid could be saved from a familial disease, they would reconsider. Genetic technology is a powerful tool that will give unprecedented consequences, specifically in the field of medical specialty. It will usher in a universe where cistron defects, bacterial disease, and even aging are a thing of the yesteryear. However, I feel that cloning, every bit good as familial penchant in features is basically the neutering God? s sacred creative activity. I believe that society fails to understand to the full plenty, right plenty and makes errors. If the atomic bomb revealed original wickedness, the epoch of familial technology will uncover it much more. Familial technology is a tool that is excessively powerful for any adult male to manage. It is excessively unsafe and crosses many moral and ethical issues. I strongly believe that the 21st century society is non prepared or even willing at times to accept the moral and ethical contentions familial technology is making. We should allow nature take its class as it has been for over many successful coevalss. . Bibliography enciclopedia britaanica

Sunday, April 26, 2020

R v Hebert Case Analysis free essay sample

Neil Hebert was suspected of having robbed the Klondike Inn. After the police located Hebert, they placed him under arrest and informed him of his rights, and took him to the R. C. M. P detachment in Whitehorse. Hebert contacted counsel and obtained legal advice regarding his right to refuse to give a statement. After exercising his right to contact counsel, Hebert was interrogated by the police. During the interrogation, Hebert indicated that he did not desire to make a statement. In attempt to get information out of Hebert, the police placed him in a cell with an undercover officer. The officer was dressed in plain clothes and was posing as a suspect under arrest by the police. The undercover office proceeded to engage Hebert in a conversation, during which Hebert made several incriminating statements. This action violated ss. 7 and 10(b) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The judge excluded the statements made by Hebert to the undercover officer, and he was later acquitted of the charges. We will write a custom essay sample on R v Hebert Case Analysis or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, the Court of Appeal set aside the acquittal and ordered a new trial, concluding that the police had not violated ss. 7 and/or 10(b) of the Charter. The Court of Appeal allowed the appeal, concluding that the police had violated neither Hebert’s right to counsel. For the court, the right to counsel did not disqualify the police from questioning the accused in the absence of counsel after counsel had been contacted. Furthermore, the court asserted that the right to remain silent, as a fundamental principle of justice, did not prohibit the accused being questioned by undercover police officers. As such, the court set aside Hebert’s acquittal and ordered a new trial. Hebert appealed the decision to the Supreme Court of Canada. Issues involved in the Appeal The Supreme Court of Canada considered two issues: First, whether the police had violated the accused Charter of Rights when obtaining the statements. Secondly, if in fact they did violate his rights, whether they should be excluded under s. 24(2) of the Charter. Under section 7, the state is not allowed to use its power to overrule the suspect’s will and reverse his choice to speak to the authority or remain silent. Therefore, the courts must adopt an approach to interrogation which emphasizes the right of the person detained to make a meaningful choice and which permits the rejection of statements, which have been obtained unfairly. There is nothing that prohibits the police from questioning an accused after they have retained counsel. Police persuasion does not breach the right to silence. In addition, the right only applies after detention. Thirdly, the right does not affect voluntary statements made to cell mates. Fourth, a distinction needs to be made between using undercover police to observe the accused and using undercover police to elicit information in violation to the accused right to remain silent. Last, even where there is violation of the suspects rights, the evidence, where permitted, may be admitted. Only when the court is satisfied with the possibility that its reception would be likely to bring the administration of justice into disrepute can the evidence be rejected under s. 24(2) of the Charter. Decision McLachlin writing for majority. Majority held that the evidence was inadmissible and upheld the trial judges ruling. Majority found that the right to silence was a principle of fundamental justice and as such was protected under section 7. An accused right cannot be undermined through acts of police trickery when being held in custody by police. However, if the accused were to reveal information to an informer or undercover agent of their own free will then the statements could be used against them. Majority concluded that: 1. Police violated the rights of the accused when obtaining the statements under section 7 of the Charter 2. The evidence should be excluded under s. 24(2) of the Charter. Ratio Decidendi Constitutional issue was whether the police had violated Hebert’s right to remain silent in process of obtaining information. Basic doctrines from the principals of fundamental justice were examined which involved (1) investigating common law rules (2) examining the Charter (3) examining the purpose of the right to remain silent. 1. Common Law Rules McLachlin concluded that there was a person whose right was at risk by the processes that occurred. Hebert had the right to choose whether to make a statement to the police or to remain silent. 2. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms The primary viewpoint of the Charter was the dominance of the rights and the fairness of the judicial system. Two related Charter rights complimented this case: the right to counsel under s. 10(b) and the right against self-incrimination under s. 11(c). In addition, as mentioned earlier, the right remain silent was an issue. Majority found that these rights granted Hebert right to be free of coercion by the police, but also the right to choose whether or not to give a statement. 3. Right to Remain Silent In this case, the court held that the right to silence was a principle of fundamental justice (core values within the justice system that must triumph over these rights for the good of society). Statements cannot be achieved through police deception and silence cannot be used to make facilitate any presumption of guilt; therefore, Hebert’s right was violated. Majority concluded that right to remain silent under s. 7 of the Charter guaranteed Hebert the right to decide whether to give a statement or not to the police. The right to decide whether to give a statement or not depended on the accused presence of an operating mind. It prohibits unfair conduct on behalf of the police. Lastly, the right to remain silent disqualified the statements that the police have obtained unjustly and in violation. Majority states that Heberts right to remain silent had been violated. Hebert had exercised his decision not to speak to the police. When he later spoke to the undercover officer, Hebert had not reversed this decision therefore being tricked by the police violated his rights. However, Majority said this right to silence was subject to limitations: i. Nothing that states that the police are prohibited from questioning Hebert in the absence of his lawyer after contacting his lawyer ii. Persuasion from the police was permissible up to the point of infringing upon Heberts’ rights or denying him of an â€Å"operating mind† (deception using undercover). iii. Right applies only after custody and does not allow undercover operations prior to detention. iv. The right does not affect statements made voluntarily by the accused to other cellmates. v. The right covers only deceptive activities by police where they attempt to get statements from the accused. It allows monitoring of the accused by the police or informants incase they overhear any voluntary statements made by the accused. vi. Statements obtained in violation of the right to remain silent would be excluded under s. 24(2) of the Charter where admittance would bring the justice into disrepute. In addition, three factors where brought into discussion when determining whether the evidence should be excluded. 1. Effect of admission of evidence on the fairness: the admission of these statements would conclude the trial to be unfair. Hebert was tricked into making statements to the police after clearly stating he does not want to make any statements. 2. How serious the Charter violation would be: in this case, it would be quite serious because the police purposely were deceitful in order to gain knowledge. 3. Effect of the exclusion: exclusion of the evidence would result in an acquittal. Importance of the case for miscarriages of justice In this case the Supreme Court of Canada held that Section 7 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms gives individuals in custody the right to remain silent. It gives an individual the right to decide whether they would like to make statements to authorities or not. If the individual makes a statement, they should be fully aware that this statement might pose risk. Making statements without knowledge of future risk, and also after clearly stating that you would not like to make any statements to police, is evidence of procedural unfairness. â€Å"The right of silence, which has emerged at both the pre-trial and trial stages, is underpinned by the privilege against self incrimination, and the broader notions of the rule of law espoused by the liberal tradition. The consequence of this right proposes that one cannot be required to answer a question that might tend to expose oneself to criminal conviction† (Hocking and Manville, 2001, p. 65). Ensuring that no miscarriages of justice are attempted, such as wrongful convictions, it is necessary to abide by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms for the collective agreement of equality among all. R v Hebert was in importance for miscarriages of justice because it ensures that individuals are not tricked into making incriminatory statements and ensures individuals are not coerced into confession where both may lead to wrongful convictions. Sherrin (2008) writes about the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and its relation to wrongful convictions. Sherrin (2008) states, â€Å"false confessions are a surprisingly frequent contributor to wrongful convictions, so a constitutional right not to speak to the authorities could help the innocent by allowing them to hide behind a protected veil of silence. † (p. 385). Often, the innocent will want to waive their right to remain silent because they want to make a clear case to authorities about their innocence. But also, there are those who exercise this right in order to not be a part of a miscarriage of justice which happen more than often in the current justice system. â€Å"False confessions seem to come about as a result of a critical combination of interrogative pressure and suspect vulnerability† (Sherrin, 2008, p. 388). Police are permitted to use interrogations to attempt to acquire information, and this often results in false confessions depending on the individual being accused. Therefore, it is of importance to understand that the right to remain silent encourages for one to remain silent in order to negate from incriminatory statements, in addition, it does not permit police to use deceitful or â€Å"trick† tactics, after your decision to remain silent, in order to attain information. In R v Hebert, the accused exercised his right to remain silent, yet authorities went forth with deception and tricked the accused into making various incriminatory statements. Using deception violates their right and excludes all statements as evidence. It is important because if these statements are the only evidence that would be used in trial, this can be a clear example of injustice and would lead to disrepute and power bias. â€Å"Whether an innate or acquired early in life, the desire to confess – to take responsibility for a perceived misdeed- is no doubt a deep seated impulse in all of us† (Stuart, 2008, preface). Stuart (2008) uses Miranda v Arizona as the stem to his discussion on right to remain silent. He goes on to claim that most Americans assume that once a suspect is in custody, they are most likely guilty (preface). Miranda v Arizona was a very important case that concluded that prosecution may not use statements that came from interrogation unless demonstrated that safe procedures were used to protect against self incrimination (Stuart, 2008). R v Hebert goes along this case in part due to the fact that the right to remain silent also protects one from self-incrimination. Ernesto Miranda was a illiterate man that had minimum, if any, knowledge about justice procedures, and therefore, was influenced to confession. Living in a country that accepts various of cultures every day, it is of great importance to ensure procedural fairness in order to limit possibility of false confessions and incriminating statements that can be used. As well, it is of great importance to communicate the rights individuals have when being detained. Being detained can invoke many different emotions and feelings, and can cause individuals to make statements they otherwise would have not. Even the smallest misstatement can be interpreted a completely different way that does not favor the person accused. In addition to the above, the right to remain silent also promotes the need for proof beyond a reasonable doubt and presumes innocence. Whilst banning torture and deceit, with this right, the prosecution needs to acquire evidence that will prove, beyond reasonable doubt, that this individual is guilty. Without the right to remain silent, incriminatory statements would be made, interpreted, and used to convict individuals that would in most cases be innocent. The right to remain silent is built on the presumption of innocence, requiring the prosecution to prove guilt. The allowance of various statements obtained by police would illustrate that the prosecution has failed to deliver the burden (Hocking and Manville, 2001). The possibility of planned incrimination where one is coerced on the outside to take blame for another also adds to the need for proof beyond a reasonable doubt from the prosecution. In conclusion, R v Hebert is of significance to miscarriages of justice because it is the stem that protects individuals from the coercive power that may lead to wrongful convictions. It protects individuals from being influences by interrogation tactics by authorities. In addition, it protects individuals from allows prosecution to utilize possibly incriminating statements as sole evidence for conviction – prosecution needs to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. It also protects people that are not knowledgeable or can not communicate in certain languages from incriminating themselves. Individuals are also protected from the abuse of power by police in the possible use of trickery into obtaining information. Police goals are ones of wanting to lay charges and convictions, which can influence them to abuse their powers in order to achieve those goals. The violation of rights is unjust and can lead to wrongful convictions. Lastly, it protects police from interpreting statements in ways that can be incriminating. The right to remain silent allows for no interpretation, controls police power abuse, and strives for fairness throughout all processes.